Nasa worksheet

Nasa worksheet DEFAULT

Educator Resources

NASA provides educators and students alike with access to educational resources to expand their knowledge, and explore deeper into science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. Through educational websites, Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex encourages teachers and students to explore the resources available from NASA for continued study in order to nurture and train the next generation of space explorers. Links are updated frequently, so be sure to check back often for new and exciting opportunities to explore!

Space Chase! App

Explore & Learn is the mobile learning experience for students before, during and after their school field trip to Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex. Students use their smartphones to investigate and solve space-related challenges, earning stars for correctly accomplishing tasks. Enhance and extend your field trip with the Space Chase! app, now available in the Apple Store and Google Play.

Downloadable Activities from the Visitor Complex

Pressure’s On! Bernoulli Activities
Great Carrot Chlorophyll Experiment
Fasten your Seatbelt!
Build a Geodesic Sphere
Make Rover Tracks

Educator Websites

Educator Features & Articles 
NASA Teaching Materials 
NASA Science for Educators 


Space Nutrition 

Space Nutrition Book
Easy Activity Sheet
Intermediate Activity Sheet
Advanced Activity Sheet


Student/Youth Websites 

Space Science Education / Public Outreach
Summer Reading with Astronaut Authors - 2018
NASA Stem Engagement activites for K-4
Story Time from Space
Spac-Ed Education Video Series


From NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center 

StarChild Learning Center for Young Astronomers Ages 4 to 14 
Imagine the Universe Ages 14 and up 


From NASA's Kennedy Space Center

Education Center


NASA Exercise: Ranking Survival Objects for the Moon

website builder

NASA Exercise Instructions

Group members should be instructed to rank the objects individually (–10 min) and then in groups (15 min.). In the group part of the exercise, all groups should be instructed to employ the method of group consensus, which requires each group member to agree upon the rankings for each of the 15 survival items before the item becomes a part of the group decision (e.g., Hall and Watson, 1970). Instructors should ensure that students interact only within groups and no cross-talking occurs between groups.

After revealing the correct answers and allowing teams to calculate their scores, record the team score and the lowest individual score from each team. Subtract the team score from the individual score; this provides the “synergy” score. Ask the students in the teams with negative synergy scores why they think their team performed as it did. Then ask the teams with positive synergy scores why they think their teams performed well. Listen for evidence of good collaboration in the teams with positive synergy.

NASA Exercise Handout

You are a member of a space crew originally scheduled to rendezvous with a mother ship on the lighted surface of the moon. Due to mechanical difficulties, however, your ship was forced to land at a spot some 200 miles from the rendezvous point. During the crash landing, much of the equipment aboard was damaged and, since survival depends on reaching the mother ship, the most critical items available must be chosen for the trip. Below are listed the 15 items left intact and undamaged after landing. Your task is to rank them in terms of their importance in allowing your crew to reach the rendezvous point.

Step 1: Without communicating with team members, rank each item in order of importance. Place the number 1 by the most important item, the number 2 by the second-most important, and so on through number 15, the least important. Record these in the column labelled “Step 1.”

Step 2: Now, as a team, reconsider the items and come up with a new set of rankings. Record these in the column labelled “Step 2.”

ItemsStep 1 Your RankingStep 2 Team RankingStep 3 Expert’s RankingStep 4 Difference* between Step 1&3Step 5 Difference* between Step 2&3
Box of matches
Food concentrate
50 feet of nylon rope
Parachute silk
Portable heating unit
Two .45 caliber pistols
1  case dehydrated Pet milk
2 hundred-pound tanks of oxygen
Stellar map (of the moon’s constellation)
Life raft
Magnetic compass
5 gallons of water
Signal flares
First aid kit containing injection needles
Solar-powered FM receiver transmitter
Individual ScoreTeam Score


*take the absolute values of the difference between your rankings and the expert rankings.

NASA Exercise Answer Key

From Hall & Watson, 1970

Correct answersItems
15Box of matches
4Food concentrate
650 feet of nylon rope
8Parachute silk
13Portable heating unit
11Two .45 caliber pistols
121  case dehydrated Pet milk
12 hundred-pound tanks of oxygen
3Stellar map (of the moon’s constellation)
9Life raft
14Magnetic compass
25 gallons of water
10Signal flares
7First aid kit containing injection needles
5Solar-powered FM receiver transmitter


For the original individual task (instructions and answer key), see:

Hall, J., & Watson, W. H. (1970). The effects of a normative intervention on group decision-making performance. Human Relations, 23, 299–317.

For use of task as a group synergy task, see:

Meslec, N., & Curşeu, P. L. (2013). Too close or too far hurts cognitive distance and group cognitive synergy. Small Group Research, 44, 471–497.

  1. Piano music letters songs
  2. Ls models
  3. 8x12 storage bin
  4. Mateo 8 24

Nasa Mars rover: Key questions about Perseverance

By Paul Rincon
Science editor, BBC News website

Image source, NASA / JPL-Caltech

Nasa's Perseverance rover is sitting on the surface of Mars after a journey from Earth of almost seven months. Here, we answer some common questions about the mission.

The Perseverance rover touched down on the Martian surface at 20:55 GMT (15:55 ET) on Thursday 18 February 2021.

The robot is designed to hunt for signs of past microbial life, if it ever existed. It is the first Nasa mission to hunt directly for these "biosignatures" since the Viking missions in the 1970s.

The rover will collect samples of rock and soil, encase them in tubes, and leave them on the planet's surface to be returned to Earth at a future date. Perseverance will also study the Red Planet's geology and test how astronauts on future Mars missions could produce oxygen from CO2 in the atmosphere. This oxygen could be used for breathing and rocket propellant.

In addition, a drone-like helicopter will be deployed to demonstrate the first powered flight on Mars. Perseverance will explore Jezero Crater, near the planet's equator, for at least one Martian year (about 687 Earth days).

Image source, NASA / C. MANGANO

Perseverance was launched on 30 July 2020 from Cape Canaveral, Florida. The one-tonne, car-sized rover travelled through space enclosed in a protective aeroshell consisting of two parts: a conical backshell and a heat shield.

The aeroshell was connected to a cruise stage that fired thrusters to keep the spacecraft on course, ensuring it arrived at Mars in the right place for landing.

Technical specs: Perseverance rover

  • Length: 3m (10ft)
  • Width: 2.7m (9ft)
  • Height: 2.2m (7ft)
  • Weight: 1,025kg (2,260lbs)
  • Power source: Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (MMRTG). Converts heat from the radioactive decay of plutonium into electricity

How did Perseverance land?

Image source, NASA / JPL-Caltech

After a 470-million-km journey from Earth, the spacecraft ploughed through the Martian atmosphere. During this stage, its heat shield had to endure temperatures as high as 2,100C (3,800F).

When it was about 11km (7mi) above the ground, the spacecraft deployed a parachute, slowing the heaviest payload in the history of Mars exploration from a speed of Mach 1.7 (2,099 km/h; 1,304 mph) to about 320 km/h (200 mph).

The heat shield subsequently dropped away from the backshell and, for a short time, the rover - which was attached to a descent stage - fell freely towards the ground.

Eight retrorockets on the descent stage then fired, allowing the "sky crane" manoeuvre to be performed. Perseverance was lowered slowly on three nylon ropes and an "umbilical cord". When the rover's wheels touched the ground, the tethers were severed and the descent stage flew to a safe distance.

Where on Mars is it exploring?

The rover's landing site, Jezero Crater, is a 49km (30 mi) -wide impact depression just north of Mars' equator. More than 3.5 billion years ago, scientists think, river channels spilled over the wall of Jezero to form a lake.

The large bowl is also home to one of the best preserved Martian examples of a delta, a sedimentary structure that forms when rivers enter open bodies of water and deposit rocks, sand and - potentially - organic carbon in layers.


Microbes could have lived in the crater when water was there. Jezero preserves a record of important geological processes such as impact cratering and volcanism, as well as the action of water. Studying its rocks will shed light on how the planet evolved over time.

How does the rover search for signs of past life?

Jezero's fan-shaped delta is one of the prime targets in the hunt for signs of past life. Scientists also see carbonate minerals deposited around the crater's shoreline like the ring in a bathtub. When carbonates precipitate out of water, they can trap things that are in it, including evidence of life.

Image source, Science Photo Library

"We'll be searching for biosignatures - patterns, textures or substances that require the influence of life to form," says deputy project scientist Katie Stack Morgan.

We don't know what Martian biosignatures might look like, but the ancient Earth might provide clues. A record of our planet's early life can be found in stromatolites, rocks originally formed by the growth of layer after layer of bacteria. If similar structures exist on Mars, scientists could combine measurements from different instruments to assess the likelihood of a biological origin.

Why do scientists think there could have been life on Mars?

Today, Mars is cold and dry, with a thin atmosphere that exposes the surface to harmful levels of cosmic radiation. But billions of years ago, the planet appears to have been wetter, with a thicker atmosphere. Multiple lines of evidence, such as the presence of mudstones and sedimentary bands, show that there was once liquid water on the surface.

This is important because water is an essential ingredient for all life on Earth. Curiosity also found organic molecules preserved in sedimentary rocks three billion years old. While tantalising, it's not clear whether these organics preserve a record of ancient life, were their food, or have nothing to do with biological processes.

What instruments is the rover carrying?

Image source, NASA / JPL-Caltech

Perseverance is carrying an advanced payload of science instruments to gather information about Mars' geology, atmosphere, environmental conditions and potential biosignatures:

  • Mastcam-Z: An advanced camera system to help study surface minerals
  • MEDA: A Spanish-built sensor suite to measure temperature, wind speed and direction, pressure, humidity and dust
  • MOXIE: Experiment to demonstrate how astronauts might produce oxygen from Martian CO2 for breathing and fuel
  • PIXL: Has an X-ray spectrometer to identify chemical elements and a camera that takes close-up images of rock and soil textures
  • RIMFAX: A Norwegian-built ground-penetrating radar that will map geology beneath the surface at centimetre scales
  • SHERLOC: Will use spectrometers, a laser and camera to hunt for organics and minerals that were altered by water
  • SuperCam: Will examine rock and soil with a camera, laser and spectrometers to look for organic compounds

Why fly a helicopter on Mars?

Ingenuity is a 1.8kg (4lb) helicopter that will ride to Mars attached to the belly of Perseverance. Nasa wants to demonstrate powered flight in Mars' thin atmosphere. The Red Planet's gravity is lower (about one-third that of Earth's), but its atmosphere is just 1% the density of Earth's. This makes it harder to generate the lift required to get off the ground.

Equipped with two counter-rotating blades, the autonomous helicopter can take colour images with a 13-megapixel camera, the same type commonly found in smartphones. Rotorcraft could be a useful way to explore other worlds: flying vehicles travel faster than ground-based rovers, and can reach areas that are inaccessible to wheeled vehicles.

How does this rover differ from Curiosity?

Image source, NASA / Kim Shiflett

Perseverance is very similar to its predecessor Curiosity in terms of overall design, but there are key differences. As well as the new science payload, Perseverance has a larger "hand", or turret, on the end of its robotic arm to hold a heavier suite of tools, including a coring drill.

The system designed to cache samples is also a new feature. Engineers have re-designed the rover's wheels to make them more resistant to wear and tear. Curiosity's wheels sustained damage from driving over sharp, pointed rocks.

How does the rover store rocks and soil?

The rover's Sample Caching System is composed of three robotic elements. The most visible is the 2.1m (7ft) -long, five-jointed robotic arm, which is bolted to the chassis. A rotary percussive drill on the arm's turret is able to cut out intact cores of Martian rock. These cores - about the size of a piece of chalk - go into a sample tube. The main robot arm then places the filled tube on a mechanism at the front of the rover called the bit carousel.

This mechanism, which recalls a 1960s slide projector, moves the tube inside the rover where a smaller, 0.5m (1.6ft) -long sample handling arm (also called the T. rex arm) grabs it. An image is taken before the tube is hermetically sealed and placed in a storage rack. It's driven around on the rover until the team finds a suitable place to drop it off.

How will the Martian samples be delivered to Earth?

Image source, ESA / ATG Medialab

For decades, scientists have wanted to deliver samples of Martian rock and soil to Earth for study in laboratories. Here, scientists could investigate the samples with instruments too large and complex to send to Mars. By leaving rock and soil samples on the surface in sealed tubes, Perseverance will lay the groundwork for that to happen.

As part of the programme known as Mars Sample Return, a separate mission will be sent to land on Mars to pick up the tubes using a "fetch" rover. A robotic arm will then transfer the tubes from the fetch rover into a rocket called the Mars Ascent Vehicle (MAV). The ascent vehicle blasts the samples into Martian orbit where they are captured by an orbiter. This orbiter will then deliver the sample containers to Earth, possibly by 2031.

Pagkagising sa Umaga medley.wmv

NASA Facts & Worksheets

Not ready to purchase a subscription? Click to download the free sample version   Download sample

Download This Sample

This sample is exclusively for KidsKonnect members!
To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup for free (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download!

Sign Me Up

Already a member? Log in to download.

The acronym “NASA” stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. It is an independent agency of the United States Federal Government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

See the fact file below for more information on the NASA or alternatively, you can download our 27-page NASA worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.

Key Facts & Information


  • On July 29, 1958, U.S. President Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act, establishing NASA.
  • It began to operate on October 1, 1958. The agency was created to oversee U.S. space exploration and aeronautics research. It was meant to have a civilian orientation, encouraging peaceful applications in space science.
  • NASA was created in response to the Soviet Union’s October 4, 1957 launch of its first satellite, Sputnik I.
  • NASA’s administrator is nominated by the President of the United States, subject to approval of the U.S. Senate.
  • In May 1961, President John F. Kennedy declared that America should put a man on the moon by the end of the decade.
  • In response, administrator James E. Webb established the Houston Manned Spacecraft (Johnson) Center and the Florida Launch Operations (Kennedy) Center.
  • It was Thomas O. Paine who succeeded with the Apollo goal.


  • The organization is composed of four mission directorates:
  • Aeronautics Research – Focuses on the modernization aviation technologies.
  • Science – Deals with programs understanding the universe involving its origin, structure and evolution. This also includes the study of solar system and the Earth.
  • Space Technology – Development of space science and exploration technologies.
  • Human Exploration and Operations – Management of crewed and robotic space missions. These include the International Space Station, launch services, space transportation, and space communications.
  • A number of additional research centers are also affiliated:


  • North American X-15 (1959–1968) – It was a hypersonic rocket-powered aircraft that reached the edge of outer space and returned with valuable data used in aircraft and spacecraft design.
  • Project Mercury (1958–1963) – It was the first human spaceflight program of the United States with the goal to put a man into Earth orbit and return him safely.
  • Project Gemini (1961–1966) – It was NASA’s second human spaceflight program. Gemini’s objective was the development of space travel techniques to support the Apollo mission to land astronauts on the Moon.
  • Apollo program (1961–1972) – It was the third United States human spaceflight program carried out by the NASA, which succeeded in landing the first humans on the Moon from 1969 to 1972.
  • Kennedy’s goal was accomplished on the Apollo 11 mission when astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed their Apollo Lunar Module on July 20, 1969, and walked on the lunar surface, while Michael Collins remained in lunar orbit.
  • Five subsequent Apollo missions also landed astronauts on the Moon, the last in December 1972. In these six spaceflights, twelve men walked on the Moon.
  • Skylab (1965–1979) – It was the first United States’ space station. Major operations included an orbital workshop, a solar observatory, Earth observation, and hundreds of experiments.
  • Apollo–Soyuz Test Project (1972–1975) – It was the first joint U.S.–Soviet space flight. The mission included both joint and separate scientific experiments, including an engineered eclipse of the Sun by Apollo to allow Soyuz to take photographs of the solar corona.
  • Space Shuttle program (1972–2011) – It was the fourth human spaceflight program carried out by NASA, which accomplished routine transportation for Earth-to-orbit crew and cargo from 1981 to 2011.
  • International Space Station (ISS) (1993–present) – The ISS serves as a space environment research laboratory in which crew members conduct experiments in biology, human biology, physics, astronomy, meteorology, and other fields.
  • The station is suited for the testing of spacecraft systems and equipment required for missions to the Moon and Mars.
  • Constellation program (2005-2009) – Its goal is to return Americans to the Moon by 2020, return to Mars, repair the Hubble Space Telescope, and continue scientific investigation through robotic solar system exploration.
  • Artemis program (2017–present) – NASA sees Artemis as the next step towards the long-term goal of establishing a sustainable presence on the Moon, laying the foundation for private companies to build a lunar economy, and eventually sending humans to Mars.
  • Other unmanned missions also include:
    • Active spacecraft missions are Juno for Jupiter, New Horizons (for Jupiter, Pluto, and beyond), and Dawn for the asteroid belt.
    • Exploration beyond the asteroid belt, including Pioneer and Voyager traversing into the unexplored trans-Pluto region, and Gas Giant orbiters Galileo (1989–2003), Cassini (1997–2017), and Juno (2011–).
    • The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is currently scheduled to launch in March 2021.

NASA Worksheets

This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the NASA across 27 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use NASA worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the “NASA” which stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. It is an independent agency of the United States Federal Government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

Complete List Of Included Worksheets

  • Fact File
  • Greetings from Space
  • Golden Decades
  • Great Minds
  • Observable Universe
  • Objects in Space
  • Mighty Machines at Work!
  • Truth or Myth
  • Find your Job!
  • Tech Age
  • I am a Scientist

Link/cite this page

If you reference any of the content on this page on your own website, please use the code below to cite this page as the original source.

Link will appear as NASA Facts & Worksheets: - KidsKonnect, February 27, 2020

Use With Any Curriculum

These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.


Worksheet nasa

Copyright © 2020 Native Skywatchers. All rights reserved. Any commercial use (including universities, grant writing, publications, for-profit venues, museums, cultural institutions, etc. requires prior written permission of the copyright owner. Email inquiries to: [email protected]

Educator Materials & Resources:

"Janice Bad Moccasin Presents..."

Janice Bad Moccasin shares a few teachings. A Collaboratively Produced Video by Janice Bad Moccasin and Annette S. Lee. Nov. 2020 

"Ida Downwind Presents..."

Ida Downwind shares a few teachings. Collaboratively Produced video by Ida Downwind and Annette S. Lee, Fall 2020 

"Ramona Kitto Stately Presents..."

Ramona Kitto Stately shares a few teachings, Fall 2020. A Collaboratively Produced Video by Ramona Kitto Stately and Annette S. Lee. Nov. 2020 

"Ethan Neerdaels Presents...Hello My Relatives "

Ethan Neerdaels shares a few teachings, Fall 2020 

"James Spotted Thunder Presents..."

James Spotted Thunder shares a song and a teaching from his grandmother. A Collaboratively Produced Video by James Spotted Thunder and Annette S. Lee. Nov. 2020 

"Land Acknowledgement"

This is the Land Acknowledgement by Jim Knutson-Kolodzne from this "Two-Eyed Seeing" Webinar series - Ojibwe and D(L)akota live (virtual) events. Produced by Jim Knutson-Kolodzne, Fall 2020  

Copyright © 2020 Native Skywatchers. All rights reserved. Any commercial use (including universities, grant writing, publications, for-profit venues, museums, cultural institutions, etc. requires prior written permission of the copyright owner. Email inquiries to: [email protected]

"NASA’s Ingenuity Mars Helicopter: The First Aircraft on Mars"

First attempt at powered flight on another planet. Credit: 

Indigenous Students Asking Questions at the Dakota Two-Eyed Seeing event, Fall 2020

Pilamaya students for these great questions! 

"D(L)akota Night Skies - Fall 2020"

Presented by Annette S. Lee, Nov. 2020

Calling All Educators - Free Ojibwe or D(L)akota Star Map Poster!

Interested in getting a free native star map for your classroom? Deliver one NASA activity related to this project to your class before May 1, 2021 and send us feedback. Contact Jim Knutson-Kolodzne at [email protected] for more details or call us at (612)-314-9717

Email Jim directly: [email protected]

Our Favorite NASA Resources - Moon to Mars and STEM on Station:

Card image cap
Moon To Mars - Build a Heat Shield!

Students work together as a team to design and build a heat shield that will protect the contents (candy) of a crew module from a simulated atmospheric re-entry (hair dryer)...from the Educator Guide - Crew Transportation with Orion

Grades 6-8

More Info

Card image cap
Moon Pod Essay Contest & NASA Moon 2 Mars

Your challenge is to imagine a one-week expedition to the Moon's South Pole...What should you bring? Who gets to be on your team? What skills should they have? What tech do you need? Write an essay and tell NASA about your idea!

Grades K-4; 5-8; 9-12 

More info
Card image cap
NASA STEM-Forward to the Moon - Educator Guide

Hands-on science activities...Scale of Earth-Moon-ISS-Mars; Make a ballon rocket with a payload; simulating gravity with magnets; water filtration with a 2L bottle; design a lunar habitat; simulating finding oxygen on the Moon and more!

Grades K-4, 5-8, Informal Education

More Info

Card image cap
STEM on Station & Mircosoft-STEM Hacking Lesson - Analyzing Colors of Earth -

The astronauts have been observing and documenting changes to our planet through photographs in pursuit of their mission of improving life both in space and on Earth. With the aid of computational predictive models and artificial intelligence, the color values from these images are now being analyzed by scientists to study and predict climate change.

Grades 6-8; 9-12

More Info

Schedule of Live Shows for this Project:

Native Skywatchers
P: (612)-314-9717Contact Us
[email protected]Art website visit


Acknowledgement: Native Skywatchers is located on the traditional and treaty land of the Dakota people, who along with the Ojibwe are the Indigenous peoples of this land, Mni Sota Makoce or Minnesota.

© 2021 Native Skywatchers

NASA - SDO: Three Years in Three Minutes--With Expert Commentary


Now discussing:


410 411 412 413 414