1988 toyota car

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1988 Toyota Corolla Prices and Car Value

Car Brakes: How Do You Know When to Change Them?

Vehicle brakes are vital to your safety when driving. What signs indicate that they're wearing out?

By Zach Bowman For those who suffer a daily commute through heavy traffic, your vehicle's braking system can bring thousands of pounds of metal, plastic and empty Starbucks cups to a stop hundreds of times before you get to work. It goes without saying that these pieces wear out, but they do so slowly, meaning you may not notice they need attention until  ... Read more

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Keys to Quality Maintenance

Toyota Owner manuals and warranty information are the keys to quality maintenance for your vehicle. No need to hunt down a separate Toyota repair manual or Toyota service manual. From warranties on Toyota replacement parts to details on features, Toyota Owners manuals help you find everything you need to know about your vehicle, all in one place.

Detailed Toyota manuals and Toyota warranty information help with questions about your vehicle specifications and maintenance schedules. Plus, learn more about what your Toyota warranty coverage includes. What's more, Toyota warranty information helps you identify your unique vehicle needs as well as plan future service visits. Select your Toyota model to learn more about the Toyota Warranty for your car, truck or SUV. Or, get the Toyota Manual for your Toyota ride free of charge using our Toyota Owners manual free download option.

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Car older than 1990?

To view or download additional manuals for most Toyota models produced prior to 1990, you can subscribe to our Technical Information System (TIS) at https://techinfo.toyota.com.

To purchase copies of Owner's Manuals, please call (800) 782–4356 or visit www.helminc.com.

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1988 Toyota Camry 1 Owner Amazing Records LE v6 SE 77k Miles XLNT For Sale

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Toyota car 1988

List of Toyota vehicles

Model Calendar year
introduced Current model Vehicle description Introduction (model code) Update/faceliftSedan/liftback2020 Toyota Avalon Limited, front 6.13.21.jpg
AVALONAvalon1994 2018 (XX50) — Full-sizesedan mainly produced and marketed in North America and China. Hybrid powertrain is available. All-wheel drive models are exclusively sold in North America. 2018 Toyota Camry SE front (2) 3.16.18.jpg
CAMRYCamry1982 2017 (XV70) 2020 Mid-size sedan (D-segment) marketed globally. Hybrid powertrain is optional. Toyota Century 3rd generation 2017 Tokyo Motor Show front 1 (cropped).jpg
CENTURYCentury1967 2018 (G60) — Traditional luxury flagship sedan, mainly marketed in Japan. Hybrid powertrain is standard. Toyota Corolla Altis (E210) white in Taichung 20210214.jpg
COROLLA/COROLLA ALTIS
(Prestige model)
2020 Toyota Corolla LE standard front, 5.25.19.jpg
COROLLA/LEVIN
(Sporty model)
Corolla1966 2018 (E210) — Compact sedan (C-segment) marketed globally. Traditionally the best-selling Toyota model worldwide. The Prestige model has been marketed in Europe, Asia (except Japan) and South America, while the Sporty model has been marketed in North America, Australasia, and China (as the Levin). Marketed with a short-wheelbase in Japan. Marketed in Southeast Asia and Taiwan as the Corolla Altis. Hybrid powertrain is optional. FAW Toyota Allion For Guangzhou Auto Show 2020 (cropped).jpg
ALLION2021 2021 (E210) — Long-wheelbase versions of the Corolla for the Chinese market. The Allion is a reused nameplate from a Japanese-market mid-size sedan. GAC Toyota Levin GT For Guangzhou Auto Show 2020 (cropped).jpg
LEVIN GT2018 Toyota Crown 2.0 RS.jpg
CROWNCrown1955 2018 (S220) — Flagship rear-wheel-drive/all-wheel-drive luxury sedan marketed in Japan and other select Asian markets. Oldest Toyota passenger car nameplate still in use. Hybrid powertrain is optional. Toyota Etios top left front.jpg
ETIOS
Pre-facelift model picturedEtios2010 2010 (AK10) 2016 Entry level subcompact sedan (B-segment) for emerging markets. Primarily marketed in India, Latin America, and Africa. Toyota Mirai (JPD20) IMG 5303.jpg
MIRAIMirai2014 2020 (JPD20) — Fuel-cell/hydrogen full-size sedan. Toyota PRIUS S 2WD.jpg
PRIUSPrius1997 2015 (XW50) 2019 Hybrid/plug-in hybrid compact liftback (C-segment). Toyota Vios IMG001 (cropped).jpg
ViosNSP151G3R3FR (cropped).jpg
VIOS/YARIS SEDANVios/Yaris2002 2013 (XP150) 2020 Subcompact sedan (B-segment) produced primarily for emerging markets. The Vios nameplate is used in China, Taiwan and Southeast Asian countries. The Yaris nameplate is used in China, India, Middle East, and Latin America. Hatchback2021 Toyota Agya 1.2 G (Indonesia) front view 02.jpg
AGYA/WIGOAgya2013 2013 (B100) 2020 City car (A-segment) developed by Daihatsu for emerging markets, rebadged Daihatsu Ayla. 2018 Toyota Aygo x-play VVT-i CVT 1.0 Front.jpg
AYGOAygo2005 2014 (AB40) 2018 City car (A-segment) for the European market, jointly developed with Groupe PSA and closely related to the Peugeot 108 and Citroën C1. 2018 Toyota Corolla (MZEA12R) Ascent Sport hatchback (2018-11-02) 01.jpg
COROLLACorolla1966 2018 (E210) — Compact hatchback (C-segment). Successor to the Auris. Called the Corolla Sport in Japan. Hybrid powertrain is optional. 2013 Toyota Etios Valco E (Indonesia) front view.jpg
ETIOS
Pre-facelift model picturedEtios2011 2011 (AK10) 2016 Entry level subcompact hatchback (B-segment) for emerging markets. Primarily marketed in India, Indonesia, Latin America, and Africa. Toyota Glanza (front).jpg
GLANZA/STARLETGlanza/Starlet2019 2019 — Subcompact hatchback (B-segment) developed and manufactured by Suzuki, primarily marketed in India (Glanza) and Africa (Starlet). Rebadged Suzuki Baleno. Toyota Passo MODA"G package"2WD (DBA-M700A-GBSE) front (cropped).jpg
PASSOPasso2004 2016 (M700) 2018 Subcompact hatchback smaller than the Yaris. Rebadged Daihatsu Boon, marketed primarily in Japan. Toyota AQUA X 2WD (6AA-MXPK11-AHXNB) front.jpg
AQUAAqua2011 2021 (XP210) — Hybrid-only subcompact hatchback (B-segment). First generation was marketed as Prius c overseas. 2021 Toyota Yaris TRD Sportivo 1.5 (Indonesia) front view 02.jpg
YARIS (Asia/Latin America/Africa)Yaris (XP150)2013 2013 (XP150) 2020 Subcompact hatchback (B-segment) produced primarily for emerging markets. Hatchback version of the Vios. 2020 Toyota Yaris Design HEV CVT 1.5 Front.jpg
YARIS (Europe/Japan/Australasia)Yaris (XP210)1999 2020 (XP210) — Subcompact hatchback (B-segment) produced primarily for developed markets. Hybrid powertrain is optional. Toyota GR Yaris (XP21) – f 03052021.jpg

GR YARIS

GR Yaris2020 High-performance, three-door version of the Yaris (XP210), mass produced as a homologation model for the FIAWorld Rally Championship. Station wagonToyota Corolla Touring Sports Hybrid (E210) IMG 2661.jpg
COROLLA TOURING/TOURING SPORTSCorolla1966 2018 (E210) — Station wagon version of the Corolla, primarily marketed in Europe and Japan. Marketed with a short-wheelbase in Japan. Hybrid powertrain is optional. SUV/crossover2014 Toyota 4Runner Limited 4.0L front (2) 4.20.19.jpg
4RUNNER4Runner1984 2009 (N280) 2013 Body-on-frame mid-size SUV based on the Tacoma, marketed primarily in North America. Third-row seating is optional. Toyota-30 (49833426687) (cropped).jpg
C-HR/IZOAC-HR2016 2016 (AX10) 2019 Subcompact crossover based on the Corolla platform. Hybrid powertrain is optional. Alt=
COROLLA CROSSCorolla Cross2020 2020 (XG10) — Compact crossover based on the Corolla platform. Hybrid powertrain is optional. 2011 Toyota FJ Cruiser (GSJ15R) wagon (2011-11-08) 01.jpg
FJ CRUISERFJ Cruiser2010 2010 (XJ10) — Retro-styled body-on-frame mid-size SUV inspired by the Toyota FJ40. 2021 Toyota Fortuner 4.0 SRV 4x4 (Colombia) front view.png
FORTUNER/SW4Fortuner2005 2015 (AN150/AN160) 2020 Body-on-frame mid-size SUV based on the Hilux, marketed globally except in Europe, North America, Japan, China, and others. Third-row seating is standard in many markets, and optional in some markets. Toyota HARRIER G 4WD.jpg
HARRIERHarrier1997 2020 (XU80) — Mid-size crossover, built on the same platform as the RAV4. Marketed as the Venza in North America, prior to the XU80 model both were different models. Hybrid powertrain is optional (standard for the Venza). 2021 Toyota Venza XLE, front 4.1.21.jpg
VENZAVenza2008 2020 Toyota Highlander XLE AWD, front (2) 6.6.20.jpg
HIGHLANDER/KLUGERHighlander2000 2019 (XU70) — Mid-size crossover primarily marketed in North America, Australasia and China. Third-row seating is standard. Hybrid powertrain is optional. 2015 Toyota Land Cruiser (VDJ76R) GXL 5-door wagon (19039611238).jpg
LAND CRUISER
(off-road oriented)
Land Cruiser (J70)1951 1984 (J70) 1999 Full-size body-on-frame SUV. The oldest continuing Toyota nameplate. The J70 is an off-road oriented model produced with minimal changes since 1984. 2021 Toyota Land Cruiser 300 3.4 ZX (Colombia) front view 02.png
LAND CRUISER
(comfort oriented)
Land Cruiser (J300)2021 (J300) — 2018 Toyota Land Cruiser Prado (GDJ150R) GXL wagon (2018-08-06) 01.jpg
LAND CRUISER PRADOLand Cruiser Prado1984 2009 (J150) 2015 Mid-size body-on-frame SUV, smaller than the full-size Land Cruiser. Available in long-wheelbase 5-door and short-wheelbase 3-door body styles. 2021 Toyota Raize 1.0T G (Indonesia) front view.jpg
RAIZERaize2019 2019 (A200) — Subcompact crossover developed by Daihatsu, primarily marketed in Japan and Indonesia. Rebadged A200 series Daihatsu Rocky. 2019 Toyota RAV4 LE 2.5L front 4.14.19.jpg
RAV4RAV41994 2018 (XA50) — Compact crossover marketed globally. Traditionally the best-selling Toyota SUV. Hybrid and plug-in hybrid powertrains are optional. Toyota Wildlander IMG001 (cropped).jpg
WILDLANDERWildlander2020 2020 (XA50) — Rebadged RAV4 for China produced by GAC Toyota. Hybrid and plug-in hybrid option available. 2018 Toyota Rush 1.5 S TRD Sportivo F800RE (190316).jpg
RUSHRush2006 2017 (F800/F850) — Rear-wheel-drive mini SUV developed by Daihatsu for the Indonesian market. Rebadged Daihatsu Terios. Primarily marketed in Southeast Asia, Middle East, and Africa. Third-row seating is standard in most markets, and optional in some markets. Toyota Sequoia in the Philippines (cropped).jpg
SEQUOIASequoia2001 2008 (XK60) 2017 Full-size body-on-frame SUV based on the Tundra. Primarily marketed in North America. Third-row seating is standard. 2021 Toyota Urban Cruiser Mid (India) front view.png
URBAN CRUISERUrban Cruiser2020 2020 — Subcompact crossover developed and manufactured by Suzuki, primarily marketed in India and Africa. Rebadged Suzuki Vitara Brezza. Unrelated to the XP110 series Urban Cruiser which is a rebadged Ist. Alt=
YARIS CROSSYaris Cross2020 2020 (XP210) — Subcompact crossover based on the Yaris platform, primarily marketed in Europe, Japan, and Australasia. Hybrid powertrain is optional. MPV/minivan2018 Toyota Alphard (facelift) 01.jpg
ALPHARDAlphard2002 2015 (AH30) 2017 Minivans with rear sliding doors developed for the Japanese market and marketed throughout Asia. Third-row seating is standard. Hybrid powertrain is optional. 2019 Toyota Vellfire hybrid.jpg
VELLFIREVellfire2008 2019 Toyota Avanza 1.3 G F653RM (20200228).jpg
AVANZAAvanza2003 2011 (F650) 2019 Rear-wheel-drive, mini MPV developed by Daihatsu for the Indonesian market and marketed throughout emerging markets in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Third-row seating is standard in most markets, and optional in some markets. 2021 Toyota Calya 1.2 G front view.jpg
CALYACalya2016 2016 (B400) 2019 Three-row mini MPV developed by Daihatsu and marketed exclusively in the Indonesian market. Third-row seating is standard. 2021 Toyota Kijang Innova 2.0 G (Indonesia) front view 01.jpg
INNOVA/KIJANG INNOVAInnova2004 2015 (AN140) 2020 Rear-wheel-drive, body-on-frame mid-size MPV marketed throughout emerging markets in Asia. Third-row seating is standard. 2018 Toyota Noah X (facelift).jpg
NOAHNoah2001 2014 (R80) 2017 Minivans with rear sliding doors developed for the Japanese market and marketed in limited Asian markets. Third-row seating is standard. Hybrid powertrain is optional. 2018 Toyota Voxy 2.0 van (ZRR80R; 01-11-2019), South Tangerang.jpg
VOXYVoxy2001 TOYOTA ESQUIRE NIHONKOTSU TAXI TOKYO.jpg
ESQUIREEsquire2014 The frontview of Toyota ROOMY G 4WD (5BA-M910A-GBGE).jpg
ROOMYRoomy2016 2016 (M900) 2020 Two-row mini MPV with rear sliding doors developed by Daihatsu. Marketed in Japan. Rebadged Daihatsu Thor. Also marketed under "Tank" nameplate until September 2020. RUMIONRumion2021 2021 — Three-row compact MPV developed and manufactured by Suzuki, primarily marketed in Africa. Rebadged Suzuki Ertiga. 2021 Toyota Sienna Hybrid Limited, front 1.14.21.jpg
SIENNASienna1997 2020 (XL40) — Full-size minivan with rear sliding doors developed for the North American market. Third-row seating is standard. Hybrid powertrain is standard. Toyota SIENTA G Cuero (DBA-NSP170G-MWXUB) front (cropped).jpg
SIENTASienta2003 2015 (XP170) 2018 Mini MPV with rear sliding doors developed for the Japanese market and marketed in several Asian markets. Third-row seating is optional. Hybrid powertrain is optional. Van2017 Toyota HiAce (TRH201R) LWB van (2018-10-01) 01.jpg
HIACE (H200)HiAce1967 2004 (H200) 2013 Cab over van with rear sliding doors mainly marketed in Asia-Pacific and Africa. Available in many configurations, including short-wheelbase, long-wheelbase, wide super-long wheelbase, blind van, window van, low-roof, high-roof, etc. 2020 Toyota HiAce (front).jpg
HIACE (H300)2019 (H300) — Successor to the H200 series Hiace, now with a front bonnet design. 2019 Toyota Granvia Premium (front).jpg
GRANACE/GRANVIA/MAJESTY/
HIACE SUPER GRANDIA (H300)Upscale passenger-oriented version of the short-wheelbase, low-roof H300 series HiAce. Marketed throughout Asia-Pacific. 2018 Toyota Proace Comfort 1.6 Front.jpg
PROACEProAce2013 2016 — Medium van with rear sliding doors developed and manufactured by Groupe PSA, marketed in Europe. Rebadged Citroën Jumpy. Passenger-oriented version is available as the ProAce Verso. Full-electric powertrain is optional. Toyota ProAce City IMG 3777.jpg
PROACE CITYProAce City2019 2019 — Compact van with rear sliding doors developed and manufactured by Groupe PSA, marketed in Europe. Rebadged Citroën Berlingo. Passenger-oriented version is available as the ProAce City Verso. Full-electric powertrain is optional. Toyota PROBOX DX (NSP160V) front (cropped).JPG
PROBOXProbox2002 2002 (XP160) 2014 Station wagon commercial van for the Japanese market. Successor to the Corolla/Caldina van. Toyota TOWNACE DX 2WD (5BF-S403M-ZQDFJD) front.jpg
TOWNACETownAce1976 2008 (S400) 2020 Cab over compact van with rear sliding doors developed by Daihatsu. Marketed in Japan. Rebadged Daihatsu Gran Max. Also marketed under "LiteAce" nameplate until June 2020. Pickup truck2021 Toyota Hilux Invincible D-4D 4WD 2.4.jpg
HILUXHilux1968 2015 (AN120) 2020 Mid-size pickup truck marketed globally except North America. Available in single cab, space cab, and double cab configurations. Toyota Land Cruiser 16.09.20 JM (3) (cropped).jpg
LAND CRUISER (pickup)Land Cruiser (J70)1951 1984 (J70) 1999 Pickup version of the J70 series Land Cruiser. 2016 Toyota Tacoma TRD Sport Access Cab 3.5L front 5.14.19.jpg
TACOMATacoma1995 2016 (N300) 2019 Mid-size pickup truck developed for the North American market. Available in single cab, space cab, and double cab configurations. 2015 Toyota Tundra Double Cab, Front Left, 08-09-2020 (cropped).jpg
TUNDRA
Previous generation picturedTundra2000 2021 (XK70) — Full-size pickup truck developed for the North American market. Available in CrewMax, and double cab configurations. Toyota Townace Truck DX-X Edition 4WD.JPG
TOWNACE
Pre-facelift model picturedTownAce1976 2008 (S400) 2020 Cab over compact basic pickup truck developed by Daihatsu. Marketed in Japan. Rebadged Daihatsu Gran Max. Also marketed under "LiteAce" nameplate until June 2020. Sports carToyota GR86.jpg
GR 86GR 862012 2021 (ZN8) — Two-door, rear-wheel-drive 2+2 sports car jointly developed with Subaru alongside the near-identical Subaru BRZ. 2020 Toyota GR Supra (United States).png
SUPRASupra1978 2019 (J29) 2020 Two-door, two-seater rear-wheel-drive sports car jointly developed with BMW alongside the BMW Z4 (G29). Marketed under Toyota's GR subdivision. Kei car (passenger)TOYOTA Ultra-Compact BEV, front, Tokyo Motor Show 2019, FUTURE EXPO, MEGA WEB.jpg
C+PODC+pod2020 2020 (RMV12) — Fully-electric two-seater, three-door kei hatchback. 7-Eleven EV.JPG
COMSCOMS2000 2012 - Single-seater electric microcar developed by Toyota Auto Body. Toyota COPEN GR SPORT (3BA-LA400A) front (cropped).jpg
COPEN GR SPORTCopen GR Sport2019 2019 (LA400) — Kei roadster developed by Daihatsu. Rebadged Daihatsu Copen GR Sport. Toyota Pixis Epoch L 4WD.jpg
PIXIS EPOCHPixis Epoch2011 2017 (LA350) — Kei hatchback developed by Daihatsu. Rebadged LA350 series Daihatsu Mira e:S. Toyota PIXIS JOY F G Turbo"SA II" (DBA-LA250A-GBVZ) front (cropped).jpg
PIXIS JOYPixis Joy2016 2016 (LA250) 2017 Kei hatchback developed by Daihatsu. Rebadged Daihatsu Cast. Toyota・Pixis-Mega L"SA".jpg
PIXIS MEGAPixis Mega2015 2015 (LA700) 2016 Tall-height kei wagon with rear sliding doors developed by Daihatsu. Rebadged Daihatsu Wake. Kei car (commercial)Toyota・Pixis-Truck Standard Part-time 4WD S510U.jpg
PIXIS TRUCKPixis Truck2011 2014 (S500) — Cab over kei pickup truck developed by Daihatsu. Rebadged S500 series Daihatsu Hijet Truck. Toyota PIXIS VAN CRUISE"SA III"2WD (EBD-S321M-ZQGF) front.jpg
PIXIS VAN
Pixis Van2011 2011 (S320) 2017 Cab over kei van with rear sliding doors developed by Daihatsu. Rebadged S320 series Daihatsu Hijet Cargo. Heavy commercial vehicleToyota Coaster EX XZB70.jpg
COASTERCoaster1969 2017 (B60/B70) N/A Single-decker bus. Available in three configurations; standard wheelbase configuration, long wheelbase configuration and a school bus configuration. Toyota-DynaU700.JPG
DYNADyna1959 2011 — Light to medium-duty cab over truck for commercial use jointly developed with Hino. Toyota Sora fuel cell bus 2017 Tokyo Motor Show front.jpg
SORASora2018 2018 — Fuel-cell/hydrogen single-decker transit bus, jointly developed with Hino. TaxiHinomaru Limousine 393 Toyota JPN Taxi.jpg
JPN TAXIJPN Taxi2017 2017 (NTP10) — Mini MPV with rear sliding doors developed for the Japanese market for taxi use. Based on the Sienta platform. Model Calendar year
introduced Introduction (model code) Update/faceliftVehicle description Current model
Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Toyota_vehicles
Toyota corolla 88 model. 88 corolla price in elycamrabeerfest.com corolla 88 for elycamrabeerfest.coma 88 modified

From the May 1988 issue of Car and Driver.

Hurrah for the buyer's market: rock-bottom prices, unlimited choice, cutthroat competition, and salespersons who treat you like "Let's Make a Deal" contestants. Short of free floor mats and a comprehen­sive lifetime warranty, what more can a new-car buyer ask for?

Well, how about a Cray supercomputer to whittle all this freedom of choice down to manageable proportions? If you're in the market for basic transportation, your task is particularly daunting. We know, be­cause we've spent the past few weeks sur­veying the new-car landscape from the driver's seat of an everyday Toyota Corol­la, and we found that it's hell out there on bargain-basement row. To wit:

• There are a half-dozen or more size categories below the $12,000-base-price threshold.
• If you have somehow narrowed your fo­cus to the Corolla's class, you have only begun: there are nearly twenty worthy competitors to consider.
• Even in this class, the plain-Jane automobile is a thing of the past. The Nissan Sentra lineup, for example, comprises 22 different body-style, trim, and powertrain combinations.
• With discount financing and manufac­turer rebates, it's nearly impossible to de­termine the price of any new car until you're ready to write the check.

The decisions may be agonizing, but we can attest that the basic-transportation experience—at least in a Toyota Corolla—is less painful than you probably imagine. This is hardly the same Corolla that put Toyota on its feet in the American market twenty years ago. Under the hood, what used to be a 60-horse wheezer has evolved into a 90-hp, sixteen-valve four-cylinder engine fully capable of impress­ing the most blasé oil checker. Today's Corolla offers a fifth speed in its gearbox, enough room for four American-spec pas­sengers, carpeting on the floor, padding in the seats, and three attractive body styles (plus the FX models). In other words, nearly every trace of entry-level stigma has vanished. The Corolla has en­tered the realm of real automobiles.

The same design ethic rules the interi­or, producing furnishings that are simple but not austere: an attractively sculptured instrument panel, tweed cloth on the seats and the door panels, tight-fitting trim, and absolutely no brightly painted bare metal.

Its price has followed suit. In the era of the falling dollar and rising competition, the new-for-1988 sixth iteration of the Co­rolla theme is fighting to stay below $10,000. Our base-model test car lost the battle: equipped with but four optional extras, it wore a sticker price of $10,593. If you can do without any of the trimmings, the cheapest Corolla you can buy will still cost you nearly nine grand.

For that not-so-paltry sum you get a tidy four-door, three-box package that, if you squint, looks something like a four-fifths Audi 5000. The shape is clean and aerody­namically streamlined, at least visually (the drag coefficient is a mediocre 0.36). The grille, the bumpers, and the filler panel between the taillamps are modestly finished, and Toyota's designers just said no to chrome plating: the door handles, the window trim, the mirror housings, and the wipers are all flat black. With a mini­mum of nameplates and exterior decoration, the Corolla permits the metal sculp­tors' talent to shine through.

The same design ethic rules the interi­or, producing furnishings that are simple but not austere: an attractively sculptured instrument panel, tweed cloth on the seats and the door panels, tight-fitting trim, and absolutely no brightly painted bare metal. The carpeting may not be ankle-deep, but it fits well and looks durable enough to survive several owners. The only evidence of interior penny-pinching is a few blank holes in the base model's instrument clus­ter, which relies more on warning lamps than on proper gauges. Most unfortunate of all is the lack of a tachometer: some of the joy of having a spirited sixteen-valve engine underhood is irretrievably lost.

Although the new Corolla rides on the same 95.7-inch wheelbase as its predeces­sor, a four-inch increase in overall length has done wonders for its utility quotient. With 96 cubic feet of passenger and cargo volume, this car is stretching the bound­aries of the subcompact class.

There is a consolation prize, however. Buried at the bottom of the Corolla's cen­ter-console stack—way down beneath the heater controls, an open storage bin, and the ashtray—is one of those little endear­ments that for some odd reason are found only in Japanese cars: the most ingenious cup holder we've ever seen. Draw it from its storage slot and the compact device, barely one cup wide, automatically unfurls two hinged fingers—one to each side—to form cup receptacles. After you've slaked your thirst, slide the panel back into the console and the fingers retract. The action is neat enough to be a NASA design.

Other interior features are similarly well executed. The light and wiper switches are stalk-mounted and easy to operate. The radio knobs are high on the dash, so you can keep one eye on the road while you dial in Whitesnake. The heater controls are also close at hand, and high enough that they're not hidden behind the shifter. The ignition switch is a push­and-twist design; no secret button frus­trates key removal.

Its powertrain, at least, is essentially faultless. The twin-cam engine loves to be lashed with the throttle and the gearbox, and it barely murmurs in protest when you ask it to cruise at what must be horren­dous rpm. (Without a tach, who knows?)

Although the new Corolla rides on the same 95.7-inch wheelbase as its predeces­sor, a four-inch increase in overall length has done wonders for its utility quotient. With 96 cubic feet of passenger and cargo volume, this car is stretching the bound­aries of the subcompact class. Its rear seat is particularly spacious, thanks to a low­-profile floor tunnel and plenty of head­room; in addition, the front seats' tracks are set wide enough to allow feet to slide underneath, and the front seatbacks are hollowed out to enlarge rear kneeroom. The rear seat is molded to provide opti­mum support for two passengers, but a third can squeeze in and buckle up with­out permanent injury. The trunk is large in all three dimensions, flat of floor, and easy on the sacroiliac, thanks to a bumper­-level lift-over height.

That's most of the good news. The new Corolla also earns a few high marks while on the move, but if your heart is set on a bargain-basement sports sedan, maybe you should turn the page right now. This Corolla's priorities are value, utility, com­fort, and reliability. The flings of driving joy permitted by its strait-laced personal­ity are few and far between.

Its powertrain, at least, is essentially faultless. The twin-cam engine loves to be lashed with the throttle and the gearbox, and it barely murmurs in protest when you ask it to cruise at what must be horren­dous rpm. (Without a tach, who knows?) The ratios of the five-speed transmission are well spaced, and the shift linkage is one of the best we've encountered. You can select the gear of your choice—includ­ing reverse—with one pinkie's friction atop the knob.

The only remarkable aspect of the Co­rolla's chassis design is that, thanks to a high front roll center, the engineers were able to tune the suspension without a front anti-roll bar. Each corner of the car has a strut and a coil spring. A control arm helps to locate each front wheel, and a combination of two lateral links, one trail­ing link, and an anti-roll bar braces each rear wheel. The engineers took special care to deaden mechanical noise and to stiffen the body structure: sturdy subframes are in place at both ends, five care­fully tuned mounts support the powertrain, and the firewall is an absor­bent sandwich of asphalt material between two sheets of steel.

Corollas of the four-door, base-trim persuasion are cruisers, not chargers. What they do, they do well. Their weighty structure, skinny tires, and mildly tuned suspensions deliver fine straight-line sta­bility and a pleasant ride under most con­ditions.

These efforts, together with nearly flush windows, create such a calm and qui­et interior mood that you can cruise the Corolla at 90 mph for hours without en­raging your mother-in-law. The downside is that subframes and steel sandwiches are heavy. Our modestly equipped test car weighed 2312 pounds, which put us at a disadvantage whenever some smart aleck pulled alongside in a new Honda Civic to test our mettle. With a zero-to-60 time of 11.3 seconds, the Corolla isn't much of a street racer.

Our cornering and braking reports are also discouraging. With narrow wheels wrapped in skinny all-season tires, the Co­rolla simply doesn't have much dry-road traction. Bend it into a corner with verve and it rolls over like a motorhome in a gale. We measured a skidpad limit of 0.66 g and a 70-to-zero stopping distance of 240 feet—two of the poorest performances we've seen from any new car in several years. You can get 70-series tires and wid­er aluminum wheels on a four-door Co­rolla, but only if you step up to the LE model, which starts at $10,148.

Corollas of the four-door, base-trim persuasion are cruisers, not chargers. What they do, they do well. Their weighty structure, skinny tires, and mildly tuned suspensions deliver fine straight-line sta­bility and a pleasant ride under most con­ditions. Of course, if you're looking for a twin-cam-to-go at half the usual price, your ship is not yet at the pier. But if all you need is a transpo-box to relieve the family Bimmer of kid hauling and grocery get­ting, go ahead and reach for that check­book with confidence.


Counterpoint

Every now and again, I get into an automobile, drive it a few miles, and say to myself, "Here's a solid piece of basic transportation." I said that to myself about the new Toyota Corolla. Or thought it, anyway.

Mind you, it's not a car that I would buy, but that's because I am not a person who needs a small four-door se­dan. That isn't the Corolla's fault. The car offers sane, sensible, well-ordered transportation that seems made to order for three groups: young folks on a limit­ed budget, middle-aged folks on a limit­ed budget, and old folks on a limited budget.

For its $8898 base price, the Corolla delivers a simple, stylish exterior and an interior that's pleasant to occupy. The seats sit right and the shifter shifts right. You can see out and you can reach things. On the extended freeway run the Corolla maintains 70 with a minimum of noise for a car its size.

The Corolla is one more shining ex­ample that "econobox" need not be a synonym for "Nyquil." —William Jeanes

The previous-generation Toyota Corol­la was an econobox that serious drivers could appreciate. I rented one a few years ago during my honeymoon in Ha­waii, and its competence astonished me. Although modestly powered and softly suspended, the old Corolla performed so enthusiastically and responded so ac­curately to my commands that not even the tightly wound roads of Kauai's Grand Canyon could trip it up.

The new model is a lot less happy in its work. The sixteen-valve engine provides improved performance and smooth­ness, the restyled body looks sleek and contemporary, and the new suspension offers an admirably soft ride. But the new car is reluctant to explore the limits of its performance. At the first sign of a hard comer, it seems to fall over on its bump stops, its tires squealing for mer­cy. It executes even mild maneuvers with a sloppy sluggishness. The old Corolla was an enthusiastic driver's eager part­ner, but the new one is little more than a hired hand. —Csaba Csere

I subscribe to the view that inexpensive cars don't have to look inexpensive. It doesn't cost any more to make a good-­looking car than a lumpy one, so why punish entry-level buyers with scarlet letters that proclaim to the world that they don't have the money for high­-ticket rides? Apparently Toyota feels the same way. The new Corolla isn't breath­takingly handsome, in the Taurus or Audi idiom, but at least it looks as if it costs a couple of thousand more than its sticker price. It's one of the few lowball cars you're not embarrassed to park in your driveway.

In addition to looks, respectable ma­chinery is in residence. The car has a zingy motor, an excellent shifter with a nice selection of gears, a decent interior, and a suspension that provides both ac­ceptable handling and a comfortable ride. I'd like to see a thicker steering wheel, bigger tires, and more instru­ments, but that's a pretty short wish list. Almost any other manufacturer would kill for an entry-level car this good. —Tony Assenza

Specifications

SPECIFICATIONS

1988 Toyota Corolla

VEHICLE TYPE
front-engine, front-wheel-drive, 5-passenger, 4-door sedan

PRICE AS TESTED
$10,593 (base price: $8,898)

ENGINE TYPE
DOHC 16-valve inline-4, iron block and aluminum head, 1x2-bbl Aisin carburetion
Displacement
97 in3, 1587 cm3
Power
90 hp @ 6000 rpm
Torque
95 lb-ft @ 3600 rpm

TRANSMISSION
5-speed manual

CHASSIS
Suspension (F/R): struts/multilink
Brakes (F/R): 9.6-in vented disc/7.9-in cast-iron drum
Tires: Toyo Z Radial 733 All Season, 155/SR-13

DIMENSIONS
Wheelbase: 95.7 in
Length: 170.3 in
Width: 65.2 in
Height: 52.2 in
Passenger volume: 83 ft3
Trunk volume: 13 ft3  
Curb weight: 2312 lb

C/D TEST RESULTS
30 mph: 3.4 sec
60 mph: 11.3 sec
90 mph: 34.9 sec
Top gear, 30–50 mph: 13.0 sec
Top gear, 50–70 mph: 15.5 sec
1/4 mile: 18.2 sec @ 74 mph
Top speed: 103 mph
Braking, 70–0 mph: 240 ft
Roadholding, 300-ft-dia skidpad: 0.66 g

C/D FUEL ECONOMY
Observed: 28 mpg

EPA FUEL ECONOMY
Combined/city/highway: 28/26/32 mpg

c/d testing explained

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