These designs are close-ups of the various apa'apai clubs. For the sake of space, I've chosen to just show detailed pictures rather than the whole club itself. If you're interested in seeing what the club actually looks like, check out "The Art of Tonga" by Keith St Cartmail. There is a section on Tongan warclubs with color photos.
U’u’ War Club, Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia.19th Century
This superb old Club known as Uu is from the Marquesas Islands in French Polynesia in the central South Pacific Ocean. Carved from a single piece of heavy hardwood and then intricately carved by a master artist over the entire surface of the club.
The finely carved designs include 8 double pairs of back-to-back ancestor figures along the length on the handle ending in a stylized face at the club butt. The flared top of the club is a large face and just below the crossbar is made of Two double figures on either side. The intricated designs are similar to the famous Marquesas tattoo designs on warriors’ bodies.
The club is dating from the 1880s period in the late 19th Century. The Height is 134.5cm
Provenance: The Todd Barlin Collection of Oceanic Art
As described by Carol Ivory, ” Marquesas ‘u’u: A Stylistic and Historical Review, Pacific Arts No. 9-10 July 1994 ”
Warfare was an integral component of life in the Marquesas Islands in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, the result of territorial rivalries or the need to avenge insults and indignities. War was carried on either in pitched battles using clubs, spears, and slings, or in ambush situations. The pitched battles were usually pre-arranged and involved much ritual preparation and invocation to the etua, the gods, for success. The ambushes were usually forays into neighbouring valleys in search of heana, human victims for sacrifice. Leaders in warfare were high-ranking and influential persons in Marquesas society.
Clubs such as this one are called ‘u’u, and were a Marquesas warrior’s most prize possession. They served as both a weapon in close combat and as a mark of high status within society. They are made from ironwood (Casuarina equisetifolia), also called toa by the Marquesans, a dense, heavy, hard wood. The clubs were buried in the mud of taro fields, then polished with coconut oil, to give them a rich, dark patina. Strands of braided sennit, with human hair attached, were wrapped around the handle area. The hair was usually that of relatives. They were designed with a curved notch on the top edge so that the warrior could put it under his arm and lean on it. As a result, they vary in size, between 4.5 and 5 feet, depending on the height of the owner.
With rare exceptions, all ‘u’u carved through the 1840s are so remarkably similar that they have been identified as a specific style: A/B by Karl von Steinen (1928) and A by me (Ivory 1994). Though no two ‘u’u (nor the two sides of the same club) are exactly the same, their features are very consistent. The “head” of the club has two sides, each carved to resemble a large human face. Projecting knobs in the form of small heads suggest eyes and nose. A circle of striated lines surrounds each “eye”, similar to the Marquesan tattoo design called matatoetoe. A ridge-line curves between the eyes to form arching brows. Along the top is a bevelled edge on which a small face is carved in low relief.
Below the high relief eyes, a crossbar projects horizontally from the club. Another head, centrally placed on this crossbar, forms a “nose”. Immediately below are three zones of low relief carving consisting of two bands of designs between which is yet another set of eyes. The upper of these bands usually consists of two separated rectangular panels joined on the inner edges by thin arm-like lines. The lower band is continuous and generally filled with abstract geometric motifs, especially the ipu, another tattoo design…(in this case with two lizards)..The word ipu refers to containers of almost any kind, including cups, bowls, skulls, shells, and turtle shells, and can be understood as something hard that protects or shields. It was frequently tattooed on the inside of a warrior’s arms, a vulnerable spot, especially when raising the arm to attack by throwing or preparing to hit something.
The reason for all of the faces and eyes may have been to draw on the sacred power, and thus the protection of the ancestors, when in combat. Linguistics suggests that such repetition may indicate a symbolic relationship between the visual representation of the face or eye and an individual’s ancestry, as embodied by one’s genealogy. Mata is the Marquesan word for both face and eye, and also used to refer to genealogy. The term for the recitation of an individual’s genealogy, which established one’s place in the hierarchy of Marquesan society, is matatetau, literally to count or recite (tetau) faces/eyes (mata). Mata ‘enata (face/eye people) are one’s relatives, ancestors, or allies. Thus, there seem to be direct links between the notion of face and eyes and the ancestors, with their spiritual powers. The fact that there are two faces may have provided additional protection for the warrior, with eyes looking in two directions.
Such multiplication of faces, heads, and eyes is a form of visual “punning” with roots in the arts of the ancient Lapita Cultural Complex, whose peoples were the immediate ancestors of the Polynesians. Themselves most likely the descendants of indigenous Taiwanese, the Lapita peoples migrated across the Pacific from eastern New Guinea to Samoa, Tonga, and Fiji in little over 500 years, between 1000 and 500 BCE. Faces, repeated in patterns, are the single most important motif found on their distinctive decorated ceramic bowls.
The Marquesans were the most extensively (and most exquisitely) tattooed of all the Polynesian peoples. Nearly 500 named tattoo motifs are still known today, and their variations and meanings are complex. Specific motifs…(such as the lizard)…may have been indicated the owner of the clubs. “
References: Ivory, Carol. Marquesan ‘u’u: A Stylistic and Historical Review, Pacific Arts No. 9-10 July 1994: 53-63.
Ottino-Garanger, Pierre and Marie-Noëlle. Te Patu Tiki Le Tatouage aux îles Marquises, Tahiti: Pourcade, 1998.
Steinen, Karl von den. Die Marquesaner und Ihrer Kunst, vol II, Berlin: Dietrich Reimer, 1928.
If you have a similar “object” for sale please contact me for the best price and honest advice by a Government approved valuer
To see many more rare items and the finest masterpieces, please make an appointment with us to visit the gallery.
For all enquires, please contact us.
The U'u is a war club of the Marquesas Islands.
Uses in Marquesas
Cut from iron wood, its shape and large size distinguishes it from other Pacific gunstocks. It was reserved for a caste of warriors who were assisting allied tribes. The club should at least reach its possessor's armpits. The striking head, although apparently identical, was richly carved, and it is an artistic work with drawings representing lizards, human figures, or tattoo patterns. The U 'u’s were left in a taro field where they turned black, and then coated with coconut oil.
U'u war club, National Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh.
- ^Eric Kjellgren, Carol S. Ivory, Adorning the World: Art of the Marquesas Islands, p.85 
- ^Anthony JP Meyer, Art océanien, Könemann, 1995, p.506
- ^Hope B. Werness, Continuum Encyclopedia of Native Art: Worldview, Symbolism, and Culture, p. 314 
- ^Anthony JP Meyer, Art océanien, Könemann, 1995, p. 506
- John Charles Edler, Terence Barrow, Art of Polynesia, Hemmeter Publishing Corporation, 1990.
- Anthony JP Meyer, Art océanien, Könemann, 1995.
Aztec War Club Reviewed and Rated in 2021
How To Buy Best Aztec War Club
Does shopping for the best aztec war club get stressful for you? Are doubts rolling over your head and confusing you? We know how it is; we have been through the entire journey of aztec war club research as we have put forward an entire list of the best aztec war club available in the market these days. We have brainstormed a few questions that most of you might have in mind.
Although there may be more than what we are suggesting here, it is significant for you to ensure that you conduct exclusive research for this product before buying it for yourself. The questions may include:
- Is a aztec war club worth the purchase?
- What are the advantages of buying a aztec war club?
- What factors should you consider before shopping for the best aztec war club?
- Why is it important to invest in a aztec war club, especially the best one?
- What are the good aztec war club available in today’s market? Or what is the best aztec war club of 2020, 2019?
And, where would you get all this kind of information? We are absolute that you may have many more questions, and the best way to quench your thirst is to get them all solved from various online resources. Sources may be anything such as online forums, word-of-mouth, rating websites, buying guides, and product reviews. Proper research is essential before buying the best aztec war club for yourself. Ensure that you are reading from highly-reliable, trustworthy websites or any other sources.
We offer a buying guide for aztec war club, and we provide 100% genuine and unbiased information. We make use of Big Data and AI data to proofread the information. How have be made this buying guide? We have a uniquely-designed set of algorithms, which enable us to make a list of top 10 aztec war club that are available in the marketplace these days. Our technology of bringing together a list depends on the factors such as:
- Brand Value
- Features & Specifications
- Product Value
- Customer Reviews & Ratings
- Quality and Durability
We do not forget that keeping product information up-to-date is our priority; therefore, we keep our websites updated at all times. Get more information about us through online sources. If you feel that the information displayed here is misleading or is incorrect or is irrelevant from actual facts, then please do not hesitate to get in touch with us. We will be there for you at all times.
Last Updated: 2021-10-15 by Elyssa Hahn
Club tattoo war
.DJ Shub - The Social feat. Phoenix - [War Club]
- Evil alloy
- Katy gill
- Sprint jonesboro
- Trulia blythewood, sc
- Floral beauty throw
- Firehose cargo pants
- Firefox os
- Dragon head minecraft
- American heritage recliner